brownish black seeds, covered 4/5 with a fleshy, red case
solitary in parks and gardens, pruned into shapes, bonsai and hedges
sandy, loamy soil, well-permeable
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Slow-growing, densely branched shrub that can grow into an irregular, multi-trunked tree. In its natural habitat, it grows to a height of up to 15 - 20 m, but when cultivated it does not attain heights of more than 5 m. The trunk is reddish brown and flaky. The branches spread as they grow and are somewhat vertical, dense with short lateral branches. The very dark green needles are linear and taper to a point. They are lighter green underneath and the short stem is yellowish. After unremarkable flowers, seeds appear that are covered 4/5 by a fleshy, red case of approx. 0.5 cm. This species is cultivated often in the US and Canada because it is more winter-hardy than T. baccata. In Europe, T. cuspidata is used generally for pruning (bonsai) shapes, owing to its multi-trunked growth.