odd-pinnate, 7 - 11 (13) leaflets, dark green, 25 - 30 cm
dioecious, unisexual, inconspicuous panicles, April
winged fruit, length 2,5 - 5 cm
landscape planting, wide green verges
moist, rich in nutrients
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Fraxinus excelsior is a well-known tree, native to Europe. Many useful selections have been developed from it. The crown is wide oval to almost round. Height 25 - 30 m, in good soil sometimes 40 m. The odd-pinnate leaf has 4 - 6 pairs and can become 25 - 30 cm. It has a dark green topside and is lighter green underneath. Leaf buds strikingly black. During or just before the leaf appears it has an inconspicuous inflorescence with lateral panicles. On female trees, the flowers are followed by winged fruits, 2,5 - 5 cm long. F. excelsior can be applied for landscape planting, wind breaks and wide green verges. Prefers rich, moist soil. The relatively hard and strong wood is used, among other things, for tool-handles, sports-equipment and ladder-poles/steps.